About BijnorBijnor, also called as Bijnaur, Bijnour, is the capital city of Bijnor district in Uttar Pradesh and also a municipal board. India also called as “Bharat” was named after the mighty Emperor Bharatha who was born in Bijnor. King Bharatha ruled almost all parts of India, under whose kingdom the happiness flourished among the people. King Bharatha spend his early childhood days in Bijnor district. Bijnor district is bounded by river Ganga and Ramganga on its borders.
A Brief History of Bijnor
Bijnor was formerly a part of Mughal Empire commanded by Emperor Akbar. By the 18th century, the Rohilla Pashtuns gained their freedom from the Mughals and established their rule in Bijnor which was overthrown by the Marathas. Rohillas waited for their opportunity to win the Marathas and to retain their powers back in Bijnor. By 1772, the Rohillas made a treaty with the Nawab of Oudh to sack the Marathas out of their place in exchange of money, the Nawab of Oudh was successful in expelling the Marathas and placing the Rohillas in power, but the Rohillas leaders failed to pay the Nawab of Oudh the agreed sum of money, so in 1774 the Nawab of Oudh with the help of British East India company sacked Rohillas rule beyond the Ganges and established his rule in Bijnor, however, in the very same year the Nawab of Oudh gave up his powers on Bijnor to the British East India company which ruled Bijnor and its fellow parts till 1857 after which the Nawad of Najibabad established their rule, unfortunately next year the Nawab of Najibabad was overthrown by the British East India company. From 1858 till the Indian Independence Bijnor was under the rule of East India Company.
Geography of Bijnor
Bijnor city belongs to the division Moradabad. It is located on the left bank of sacred river Ganges, about 460 km from the state capital Lucknow and comes under the north-western part of Uttar Pradesh. Hindi and Urdu are the spoken languages. It is elevated 225 meters/738 feet above sea level. Najibabad, Nagina, Nehtaur, Chandpur cities shares its boundaries with Bijnor district. The geographical coordinates of Bijnor is 29°9' 0” North and 78° 16' 0" East. The time zone of the city is IST (UTC+5:30).
Demography of Bijnor
According to 2011 census the total population was around 115,381 among which 60,656 were male and 54,725 were female and the city has a literacy rate of 77.90 per cent.
Climate of Bijnor
The not too hot summer and cold winter exists in Bijnor where its highest summer temperature is between 25°C to 44°C.
Fashion in Bijnor
People wear both traditional and western outfits. The traditional outfits are usually bright coloured sari or salwar kameez for women and dhoti/lungi, kurta-pyjama for men. Men wear topi or pagri on their head. Sari for women covering their head and sherwani for men is usually worn during festivals. Mostly cotton fabric is used as clothing material.
Tourism in Bijnor
Bijnor city is well connected to all the district tourist attractions, they are:
- Shakarpuri village-Najibabad-Bijnor highway-Popular for mangoes and sugarcane
- Vidur Kuti-12km from Bijnor
- Ganj-12km from Bijnor
- Sita Mandhir Math
Food in Bijnor
Wheat is the staple food of Bijnor people. They enjoy both vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. A basic meal of Bijnor consist of puris/chappattis and daal rice accompanied by vegetable or non-vegetable curries with a sweet. Popular dishes were dum bhindi, kadi chawal, gobhi mussallam, sultani dal, pasanda kabab, kakori kabab, etc. Sweets play an important role in Bijnor cuisine, popular sweets were gujia, ladoos, halwa, jalebi, gulab jamun, kheer, kulfi, sheer qorma, rasmalai, rabri, pethas, ghewar and many more. Sharbats, chaas, lassi and rayta were the popular drinks enjoyed by the people of Bijnor. Special variety of sharbats can be enjoyed in Bijnor, where it is prepared using flowers like hibiscus and roses.
Festivals in Bijnor
The city of Bijnor has a good population of Hindus and Muslims. Diwali, Navaratri, Karva Chauth, Raksha Bandhan, Shivaratri, Janmashtami, Holi, Vijayadashmi are the popular Hindu festivals, whereas Muharram, Ramzan, Id-ul-Fitr, Id-ul-Zuha, Chehlum, Bara Wafat, Shab-i-Barat are popular Muslim festivals.
How to Reach Bijnor
Through roadways Bijnor can be reached from any cities of our country. Dehradun Airport in Dehradun and Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi are the nearest airports which is about 142 km and 125 km away from Bijnor, from where Bijnor can be reached through bus or train. The nearby railway stations from Bijnor city are Bijnor railway station, Khari Jhalu railway station and Roorkee railway station. From New Delhi Mussoorie express train, Garhwal Express, Bareilly Express and Dli Be Passenger trains reaches Bijnor covering the distance of 172 km. From the state capital Lucknow Ljn Cdg express reaches Bijnor railway station.